Installing electric vehicle charging in an apartment or condo building
08.02.2019 - by Anthony Franzoia
Installing electric vehicle charging in an apartment or condo building

A common problem for apartment and condo dwellers that want to drive electric is a lack of access to charging. Installing charging in a multi-unit dwelling (MUD) can be difficult, but it is possible.

The California Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz) recently released a guidebook to help residents make sense of the permitting process for installing electric vehicle charging stations in MUDs. The information contained may also be useful for EV drivers in other states, as well.

In short, residents need to obtain approval from their property owner, get necessary permits, and contact their electric utility.

Have you installed EV charging in an multi-unit dwelling? Tell us your lessons learned or tips to help other EV drivers in a similar situation. We may share your story in a future newsletter. Email us at with the subject line “MUD Charging.”

Getting permission from the MUD owner/HOA

A resident’s first step should be obtaining their property owner’s approval and cooperation to install a charging station. Many states, including California, Colorado, Florida, and Oregon, have passed laws that prevent MUD owners and homeowner associations (HOAs) from unreasonably restricting the construction of electric vehicle charging stations. Some laws also require cities and counties to develop a streamlined permitting process for EV charging stations.

If you live in a state with such a law and your landlord prevents you from installing an EV charging station, speak with your local government officials. They will be able to determine if the landlord’s rationale for doing so is indeed “unreasonable” per the city or county’s rules. Unfortunately, there is no single answer for what constitutes an unreasonable restriction as cities and MUDs are not identical.

Many state and local governments and utilities offer rebates for installing EV charging in MUDs, some of them quite generous, which may incentivize your building/complex to cooperate. The Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuels and Data Center has an oft-updated database of state and utility incentives.

Permitting from local government

A critical next step for residents is to identify the person or office responsible for the city/county’s permitting. Local government resources will most likely be located under a public works or a transportation/environment department. Many local governments also have sustainability programs and initiatives that may be responsible for electric vehicle planning.

From this point forward, local government should be able to advise you and your property owner on the steps of the permitting process, from the initial application, to hiring an electrician, to contacting the utility company. Common application elements include the following: the application paperwork itself, site plans, single line electrical diagram, load calculations, whether a panel upgrade is required, a separate mechanical permit if ventilation for station is needed, installation instructions from the OEM, and ADA/accessibility requirements.

Connecting your station to the electrical grid

Apart from the permitting process, MUD residents must contact their local utility company. The utility will determine the specific electrical needs of the complex and surrounding area. Residents should be aware that the utility’s interconnection process is entirely separate from the permit process.

Fortunately, as EV adoption increases, more apartment and condo buildings are beginning to recognize the need for EV charging. California’s guidebook is a valuable resource for drivers and MUDs looking to install charging for residents.

8 comments on “Installing electric vehicle charging in an apartment or condo building”
  1. Randall G Upton says:

    Does the tax credit only apply to a new EV? I am considering purchasing a used BMW i3.

  2. oceandragon says:

    Who pays for the electric bill for those cars? Do the EV drivers split the bill?

  3. Rick says:

    If you do this, please do NOT cheap out on the circuit. Find a way to get at least 40A (or conduit) to each location, and make sure all of them can run simultaneously.

  4. danwat1234 says:

    Converting parking lot light poles from HID to LED may allow enough excess power to have a 120V outlet installed for car charging.

  5. Alex Collazo says:

    It is only reasonable that those interested in having a parking space with charging ability pay for it. Perhaps that translates to a monthly fee to offset the installation/maintenance costs. 40 Amp outlets would be nice but not needed. More than enough range is possible with an overnight change with far less robust circuits.

  6. Bryan Miranda says:

    I’ll have a Tesla by the end of this year….I guarantee it!!!

  7. PaulSD says:

    I live in a high rise condo building that was built in 1984. We have 58 units and currently six EVs. We are struggling with how to implement California’s laws so that no owner must pay significantly more for a charging station installation.
    The issue is that the meters for each unit can be a long way from the unit’s parking space. So some units pay a modest cost to install a charge but other are facing very significant costs.
    We have considered doing significant rewiring of the building but those owners who don’t want EV’s don’t want to pay for that common expense.
    I believe this will be a problem for many buildings where wiring for 40 amp circuits to a parking space was not even a thought.
    Any advice or sharing of experience by others would be most welcome. So far, electrical contractors have not been much help.

  8. Steve Barnes says:

    A friend here with a Tesla said his high rise condo assn, didn’t have sufficient electrical capacity for EV charging infrastructure. Then they undertook a transition from fluorescent bulb lighting in common areas to LED bulbs. In the end, the transition saved dollars and left them with sufficient excess capacity to permit limited EV charging to be added. A win for everyone.

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